The General Act on Equal Treatment prohibits unequal treatment on grounds of sexual identity. In this context the term 'sexual identity' is broadly defined and is related to sexual relationships between one person and another. Homosexuals, lesbians, heterosexuals and bisexuals should treat each other with mutual respect.
Despite increasing levels of acceptance, discrimination on grounds of sexual identity is still a reality. Thus, studies document that lesbians and homosexuals still (must) conceal their sexual identities in the workplace. On the playgrounds of German schools, "gay" is still one of the expressions most commonly used in a pejorative context. The General Act on Equal Treatment provides an opportunity to demand equal treatment in many areas and to take action against discrimination.