Disability and chronic disease
About one in every six people in Germany lives with a severe disability or chronic disease.
Unfortunately, barriers and disadvantages are still present in all areas of everyday life of people with disabilities.
In public spaces or public transport, for instance, frequently structural barriers prevent those affected from independent and equal participation. However, many people also face barriers with regard to digital and communicative participation. Blind and deaf people, for instance, are disadvantaged due to a lack of text-to-speech support or inadequate communication methods when it comes to booking services or communicating with service providers.
A disproportionate number of reports to the Federal Anti-Discrimination Agency from people with disabilities concern experiences of discrimination in healthcare as well as in accessing day care facilities, schools and with regard to the justice system.
The General Equal Treatment Act (German abbreviation: AGG) prohibits discrimination on account of disability in everyday activities as well as in working life. A disease is covered by the AGG’s protection if it is chronic and thus has a long-term negative impact on the everyday life of the person affected, impairing their participation in society, such as severe atopic dermatitis or HIV-infection.
The Federal Anti-Discrimination Agency strongly advocates the continued reduction of barriers for people with disabilities. This is why the right to reasonable accommodation with a view to reducing barriers for people with disabilities should be enshrined in the AGG to prevent discrimination.
The Federal Anti-Discrimination Agency provides a variety of legal and sociological information as well as practical advice on this topic.