Gender and gender identity
Requests concerning the discrimination ground of gender make up around a quarter of the Federal Anti-Discrimination Agency’s consultation requests.
People report particularly frequently on discrimination in working life: According to these reports, above all women regularly experience sexual harassment at the workplace, pay disparity, discrimination in career advancement or on account of a pregnancy, or upon re-entering the labour force following parental leave.
Trans* or inter* people experience discrimination on account of their gender identity, for instance when recording their (civil status) gender or changing their selected name, for instance when ordering online, filling in forms or certificates. Yet trans* and inter* people are also often confronted with discrimination in daily situations and working life.
The General Equal Treatment Act (German abbreviation: AGG) bans discrimination of all gender identities and genders in working life and daily activities. Nonetheless, there are gaps in the protection. For example, there is no legal protection from sexual harassment in connection with services, such as when seeking housing.
The Federal Anti-Discrimination Agency provides extensive information on the current legal situation and materials on protecting all genders from discrimination.