Gender and gender identity
People must not be discriminated against on grounds of their gender identity, neither at work nor in everyday life.
The General Act on Equal Treatment (German abbreviation: AGG) protects all genders against discrimination: women, men, transgender persons and intersex persons. People experience discrimination on grounds of gender in all areas of life: at work, for instance in the form of unequal pay or sexual harassment, in everyday life, for example when looking for a flat or with regard to access to public spaces, but also in the field of medicine or legislation.
The latter particularly concerns transgender and intersex people who often suffer from discrimination, for example with regard to medical treatments or legal regulations that do not recognise their identity or their gender. Transgender people who wish to transition between binary genders have to, for instance, provide two medical and psychiatric reports and undergo lengthy and costly legal proceedings in order to obtain official recognition of their gender identity.
Non-binary people who do not completely feel that they belong to one gender are denied even that possibility since the introduction of the third gender option “diverse” in the Civil Status Act was designed by lawmakers specifically for intersex people and thus does not include non-binary people. In this regard, court decisions are still unclear.
Furthermore, intersex people whose sexual organs cannot be assigned to a specific gender are still often subjected to surgeries or hormone therapies after birth that are neither essential for survival nor done of their own volition.