Homosexual and bisexual, trans- and intersex persons are often subsumed under the acronym LGBTQI*. LGBTQI* stands for lesbian, gay, trans*, queer and inter* persons. The asterisk* is a placeholder for other identities.
The Term ‘sexual identity’, which is used in the General Equal Treatment Act (German abbreviation: AGG), originally included all these groups. Meanwhile, however, it was clarified through European case law that trans* and inter* persons are protected under the AGG’s characteristic of gender, since those two constitute gender identities, while gay, lesbian and bisexual are sexual orientations.
Although progress has been made over the last decades with regard to equality before the law, lesbian, gay and bisexual people still experience discrimination – be it at school, work or in other settings. For instance, people affected by discrimination who turn to the Federal Anti-Discrimination Agency for advice regularly report having been discriminated against by colleagues or superiors, insulted by fellow students or teachers or even being violently attacked in public.
The AGG prohibits discrimination on grounds of sexual identity in everyday activities as well as in working life. Since, however, this ban is still often circumvented, the Anti-Discrimination Agency strongly believes that to fight homophobia and biphobia, it is necessary to improve the legal protection of these groups and to strengthen advice structures across Germany.